Balance is an important part of being able to feel and stay healthy. If we feel unsteady it can prevent us from undertaking certain activities including moving our bodies and exercising. If we limit our movement due to balance issues this can lead to worsening of symptoms so it is important to find some safe ways to improve your balance.
There are several reasons our balance can be upset:
- As we age our vestibular system can slow down
- Infections around our sinuses and ears can affect our vestibular system
- Alcohol and drug consumption
- Post injury – our proprioception can be disrupted if we’ve had an injury to our:
What creates balance?
Balance is achieved through several combined body systems working together, the most important being the vestibular system; this is in your inner ear and helps determine motion, balance and orientation of the space around you.
Other parts of your body that are involved in maintaining balance are your eyes for vision and parts of your nervous system – nerves which help sense touch in your skin and movement in your joints, muscles and tendons (proprioception).
Proprioception is basically your body’s ability to know where it is in space at any time – it is your awareness of position and movement of your body. The part of the nervous system that manages your proprioception is neurons in your skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments – these send information about where all the different parts of your body are in relation to each other and your external environment.
All of this works together for your brain to figure out whether you are static or mobile (think sea sickness), it determines when you are upright and where you are in space so you don’t bump into or trip over obstacles.
So, you can imagine if you’ve injured yourself, an ankle sprain for example, the messages that part of your body would send to your brain – so you can tell where your foot is when you are walking – can be affected. This can then increase your risk of injuring your ankle again.
Simple balance exercises to do at home
If you are struggling with balance, however mildly, there are exercises you can do to fire up your system and help get yourself back on tract.
All exercises for balance should be done in a safe environment where you can hold onto something and there is no risk of falling and injuring yourself.
Standing on an uneven surface
This can be done by simply standing on a cushion or pillow on the floor, as mentioned above please do this in a safe environment so place your cushion close to a wall so you can steady yourself if needed.
If simply standing with 2 feet on the cushion feels very easy for you there are several progressions you can do:
- Stand on both feet and close your eyes
- Stand on one leg (make sure you alternate between both feet)
- eyes open
- eyes closed
- Set out a row of cushions and walk over them
- eyes open
- eyes closed
Tightrope walking (heel to toe walk)
Don’t worry you don’t need to do this on an actual tightrope, it follows the same principal but you’re going to do it on a flat stable surface. If you have tiles on the floor you can simply walk along one of these, if not you can place a long flat piece of material – a scarf is good – and walk along it with your heels directly in front of your toes.
One legged stand
We already mentioned that you can progress from your standing on an uneven surface into doing it on one leg but you can also practice just balancing on one leg at any time. Good times to do this are while you are brushing your teeth or waiting for the kettle to boil.
Basically anytime you are standing still for a period of time and have something to hold onto if necessary. Practicing the one legged stand while you are completing another task will intensify the work out your balance gets and simulates regular daily activity such as walking while carrying something.
Walking whilst turning your head
This exercise is a bit more advanced so if you feel very unsteady work on the other exercises first to build up your ability and confidence. You can do this activity with someone else alongside you for safety or if you have a narrow corridor for example where you can reach out and touch both walls simultaneously.
The idea here is that you find a safe, flat distance of space that you can walk along without any obstacles and with the above mentioned safety measures in place.
Walking normally in a forward direction you want to slowly turn your head in all directions as you continue to walk – this activates your vestibular system and gets it working. Think of it like any other exercise where you would work a muscle to get it stronger.
The directions you want to turn your head in are:
- look down to the floor
- look up to the sky
- turn your head only to the left
- turn your head only to the right
Always come back to your forward facing position between each position and give yourself time to re-orientate before performing the next position. You don’t need to stay in any of the positions for a length of time, e.g. turn to the left and then turn straight back to the front. Do all the movements in a slow controlled manner to give your system time to adjust.
I hope you’ve found some interesting information in this blog. If you would like some more personalised advice you can contact me here.
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